Feeding Homeless Apparently Illegal in Raleigh, NC

Maggie, Hugh, and our partnering church speak with an officer.

Maggie, Sarah, our church partner, and I speak with an officer.

What Happened

On the morning of Saturday, August, 24, Love Wins showed up at Moore Square at 9:00 a.m., just like we have done virtually every Saturday and Sunday for the last six years. We provide, without cost or obligation, hot coffee and a breakfast sandwich to anyone who wants one. We keep this promise to our community in cooperation with five different, large suburban churches that help us with manpower and funding.

On that morning three officers from Raleigh Police Department prevented us from doing our work, for the first time ever. An officer said, quite bluntly, that if we attempted to distribute food, we would be arrested.

"They will arrest me if I give you a biscuit."

Me addressing the crowd. “They will arrest me if I give you a biscuit.”

Our partnering church brought 100 sausage biscuits and large amounts of coffee. We asked the officers for permission to disperse the biscuits to the over 70 people who had lined up, waiting to eat. They said no. I had to face those who were waiting and tell them that I could not feed them, or I would be arrested.

In the past, we have had a good working relationship with the Raleigh Police Department. We knew that we could not use the park itself, as doing so required a permit, but that it was acceptable to set up on the sidewalk, as long as we did not block the sidewalk and cleaned up after ourselves. We have operated, unmolested, under this assumption for the last six years.

By the way, each permit to use the park costs $800. Yes, eight hundred dollars. That would cost us $1,600 every weekend, and the officer we spoke to said the City likely wouldn’t approve it anyway.

No representative from the Raleigh Police Department was willing to tell us which ordinance we broke, or why, after six years and countless friendly and cooperative encounters with the Department, they are now preventing us from feeding hungry people.

When I asked the officer why, he said that he was not going to debate me. “I am just telling you what is. Now you pass out that food, you will go to jail.”

What We Will Do

Simple: we will feed people. I am, after all (however imperfectly), a follower of Jesus, who said himself that when we ignore hungry people, we ignore him.

We knew that with the upcoming revitalization of Moore Square, we would have to find alternative arrangements. We have been working to that end, but as the revitalization is currently unfunded, and has no start date, we felt we had some time.

What We Won’t Do

We appreciate all the ways you have written in to suggest that we could subvert the system, but to do that only admits to the City of Raleigh that its argument is legitimate. We maintain that we have done nothing wrong.

We feed people and have been doing so, and much more, for six years. On the weekends people have no where else to go other than the park because Wake County and/or the City of Raleigh offers no soup kitchens or other options on the weekends. None. There is no “official” place you can get a meal if you are homeless or at-risk of homelessness. You are left to your wits, and for the last six years, you could get a cup of hot coffee and a hot breakfast sandwich from us – because you could not get one from any tax funded location.

We have not hidden. Our work of bringing biscuits to the park has been mentioned in multiple full-page articles in the local paper over the years. We have had countless routine conversations with the police while doing this alleged illegal activity. We do not hide. And while, according to the City of Raleigh, it might be illegal to feed hungry people, it is most assuredly the right thing to do.

What You Can Do

Several things. While it was Raleigh Police Department that threw us out of the park and threatened to arrest us, we realize they are acting under orders. Ultimately, they serve the interests of the Mayor and the City Council. In the words of the officer in charge today, “You need to take it up with the City Council.”

And if history has taught us anything, it is, as Frederick Douglas said, that “power concedes nothing without demand.”

1. Below are the email addresses and phone numbers of the Mayor and of the City Council members. We encourage you to email them and ask A) why organizations, such as Love Wins Ministries, are being prevented from feeding people in the park, when the City of Raleigh has no means of or plans to feed them and B) encourage them to allow said feeding to continue. continue to call and voice your concern. We spoke with the Mayor yesterday, and while she did say that no one will be arrested for feeding hungry people in the park, it’s important to continue to make your voice heard. The status quo is not acceptable.

Keeping in mind that we win over no one with anger or rudeness. Anger does not cast out fear – only love can do that.

* Out of town folks, call any and all of the City Council members.

* Raleigh residents, call the City Council member representing your district. You can find your district by entering your address here.

City Council At Large

Mary-Ann Baldwin - Email - 919-996-3050

City Council At Large/Mayor Pro Tem

Russ Stephenson - Email - 919-996-3050

District A

Randall Stagner - Email - 919-996-3050

District B

John Odom - Email - 919-996-3050

District C

Eugene Weeks - Email - 919-996-3050

District D

Thomas Crowder - Email - 919-996-3050

District E

Bonner Gaylord - Email - 919-996-3050

Mayor

Nancy McFarlane - Email - 919-996-3050

2. Post the link to this post on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit or any other social media outlets you have access to. Again, we have done nothing wrong, and have no desire to hide.

3. If you have contacts with people of influence (media, celebrities, etc.), please pass this story along to them or give them my email address – hugh@lovewins.info.

4. Stay up do date. The most current information will be on our Facebook page, which you can like to receive those updates automatically.

5. Pray for our friends who are hungry, and now have nowhere to eat. And pray for us, so that we do not lose our tempers and along with it, our soul. And pray for the officers and people in power, who are working against our goals.

6. If you’re local, attend the public City Council meeting that will take place soon to address the issue.

Pray for all of us, in fact, because we all need it, and our liberation is bound up in each other.

Inquiring minds want to know why it's not okay to treat people like people.

Inquiring minds want to know why it’s not okay to treat people like people.

What’s Happening Now 

In the last 48 hours our blog post about the incident has gone viral—if you count 250,000 views as such. The comments pour in faster than we can moderate them. The pressure created by concerned readers has reached the offices of Raleigh Mayor Nancy McFarlane and the City Council.

I spoke with Mayor McFarlane yesterday afternoon. She said that she wasn’t aware of the Raleigh Police Department’s decision to arrest people sharing food. She confirmed that no one would be arrested for sharing food at Moore Square. I also had a conversation with Mayor Pro Tem Russ Stephenson, who assured me that pending further communication, the City would maintain the status quo of allowing us to serve food on the sidewalk immediately outside the park.

These are positive first steps as we forward with the City of Raleigh.

I want to be clear that Love Wins is not satisfied with the status quo. We should not need to pay $800 to feed hungry people in a park that belongs to everyone. A society is judged not by how it treats its most wealthy citizens, but by how it treats its most vulnerable.

Learn More:

- Frequently Asked Questions About The Moore Square Incident

- Sign up for the Love Wins newsletter.

 

Hugh Hollowell

About Hugh Hollowell

Hugh Hollowell is a minister in the Mennonite Church USA and based in Raleigh, N.C. He is the founder and director of Love Wins Ministries, which tackles the problems of homelessness by focusing on relationships, not outcomes. He likes peanut M&Ms.
This entry was posted in Biscuitgate, Blog and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

1,096 Responses to Feeding Homeless Apparently Illegal in Raleigh, NC

  1. Joseph G. says:

    Make them arrest you next time. It will only serve to promote your cause and damage their image. The ultimate backfire. It’s been done before, it’s required civil disobedience.

  2. Pete says:

    You should have just gone ahead and fed them – you would have gotten 1000x more PR and support if the cop went ahead and arrested you. Next time do the right thing and don’t waste the opportunity.

  3. Connie Lucas in Cincinnati, Ohio says:

    Well, remind me not to move to snobby Raleigh, North Carolina where people don’t give a damn about other people. You won’t catch me visiting there because the atmosphere is not to my liking. And I suppose it’s against the law to help distressed travelers too!

  4. Harold M. Mitchell says:

    I cannot conceive of such a thing happening! Surely mayor and council will either change their position or provide an alternate place accessible to the homeless for your mission of mercy to continue.

  5. Brenda says:

    I commend you for your efforts, as a suggestion why not use the church fellowship halls to feed those individuals who depend on you? It is private property and the police can not dictate who enters GODS house. To Mike and Patricia Joy, there but for the grace of GOD, this could be you.

  6. Pingback: City Responds to Feeding Homeless Apparently Illegal In Raleigh, NC

  7. M. says:

    While I am not a believer, I do believe in helping those less fortunate and those in need and I have to agree with a few of the other posters in that you should have just gone ahead and fed the people anyway and risked the arrest. With an arrest comes a charge and ANY decent lawyer (of which you could probably get an excellent non-profit behind this) could have this solved and be given actual reasons, guidelines, and ordinances that were or were not actually broken. The police in this country have been getting increasingly hostile and seem to have forgotten one little thing… THEY WORK FOR US. Our tax dollars pay their salaries for them to protect and serve. Sadly, lately, they are serving the far right corporate agenda. Protecting their right to be jackasses. They pepper spray peaceful assemblies, hit unarmed citizens with batons and beanbag rounds from rifles, and apparently now they threaten to arrest people for feeding the homeless and less fortunate. And the corporate agenda just wants all those dirty, homeless people to just go away. That isn’t going to happen if they keep taking over and telling people that they cannot help the less fortunate. That isn’t going to happen as long as people keep voting in those that continue to cut benefits to the less fortunate. These people work for us and it is about time people like you, who do want to help, stand up for what you believe in, be arrested if need be, and continue to do what you know is RIGHT. Regardless of the consequences.

  8. James Dicke says:

    The police should have been able to cite the city ordinance you were violating. Then you can work to change something definite. Is it 1 or 100 sandwiches that is the problem?

  9. Anne says:

    Seems to me, a church parking lot would need no permit. Set up an outdoor church service and call it a church breakfast.

  10. rosemary mitchell says:

    Something surely does smell fishy there! The police say “take it up with the city council” and the mayor and city council say they are behind the church groups. Sounds to me like somebody is lying. It would have been tempting to call their bluff and be arrested to see with what crime one would be charged. I think I would have a good attorney already lined up and go for it. That is just wrong, wrong, wrong. Are the involved churches too far away? Wrong, wrong, wrong.
    Good luck to you all!!

  11. Edie Bailey says:

    I am embarrassed to say I am a Tarheel with such behavior toward the poor. Perhaps it is a plan to starve people so they can’t vote. As a product of a NC Christian university I find it way off the charts from what I was taught is Christian behavor.

  12. Jill Johnson says:

    It seems city council is trying to “clean up” their park when in fact they are hiding the truth that raleigh, nc cant get it together by encouraging community outreach not forcing people to the streets. Wake up wake county ! You have enough tax base to assist the needy!!!

  13. Will says:

    IMHO, a statement could be made by having everyone in your organization show up to feed the hungry and allow yourselves to be arrested en masse. Flood the city’s precinct offices with people being arrested for showing compassion and doing what you’ve been doing for years. That’ll certainly stoke a response.

  14. bryan says:

    I doubt their is any law at all about sharing food. Their may be one for selling,but not giving freely. This goes against all acts of humanity and kindness. Their reaction is that of a communistic world,greed,power,control. I believe their names should be taken,a letter written to your state Attorney general,and see what happens. My guess,those dumb-cops will be next in line lookin for some help. Just pathetic idiots working for the government and showing abuse of power at its finest. :(

  15. Ken G. says:

    Mike, your comment about the government creating jobs is nonsense. When has the government ever CREATED a job, except government jobs like postal workers, VA staffers, and other bloated bureaucracy? Businesses create jobs. Government spending means that the government has to take money from people and that only creates poverty, not wealth. Get the government out of so much of our lives and let people work without oppressive regulations and laws, which only create unemployment.

    And, for the record, I think the police were wrong. It smacks of a police state.
    Don’t believe me? Look at how Obamacare is opposed by unions and how it’s creating part-time workers out of full-time jobs.

  16. Wayne C. Rogers says:

    I have to say that this makes me ashamed to call myself a North Carolinian. When my mother was dying of cancer at the age of 55, the Social Security Department in New Bern denied her benefits because they said she looked healthy. It finally took my Uncle Don, who was a minister in Morehead City, to go down there and beat his can on the ladies desk, saying she would go to hell for what she was doing and that the local television networks were being notified about this injustice. Unfortunately, that’s what it takes. You have to put the fear of God into them to get something right done. If you should go back to the park to feed the homeless, be sure to have a number of local ministers with you, as well as newspaper reporters and television cameras to film the arrest. I’m quite sure it won’t take long for President Obama to step in with funds to help give food to the needy and for the City Council to reason with regards to this. If if the city isn’t going to feed the homeless, then it needs to get them jobs so they can help pay the council members’ salaries.

  17. Sara says:

    You could start a petition on Change.org to petition the City to let you back into the park.

  18. Kelly hosmer says:

    I would hope that there was an attorney in the area that would take up your cause. The mayor and his cronies are immoral, self righteous pigs. There are no jobs in this country because OUR government negotiated them away 23 years ago when they signed the NAFTA agreement . Last month a bill in the house was rejected by a majority that would have given tax credits to companies who brought jobs back to the USA. Our own elected officials chose to not bring jobs back and to keep this downward spiral going. Stay awake and vote these “Christians” out of office for they have no idea what it is to be a Christian!

  19. Marvin says:

    Quick question or two….. why are they feeding the homeless unhealthy foods? And out of curiosity, why not help them find employment and in time, find homes instead of putting a band aid on a gunshot wound?

  20. Carolyn Fletcher says:

    Hello,I’m from Pennsylvania. Why do I care about what’s going on in Raliegh?? Because I am a Christian and Christ instructs us to help those among us who need our help,Because these good people are not breaking any laws,Because I have a granddaughter who lives in Raliegh and I care what happens where my family lives,because what happens there impacts their lives,Because it nauseates me the way anything Christian is fought against and the way anything else is tolerated,no matter how egregious it might be,Because I see the good in our country that so many people fought to maintain slipping away and Godless behavior taking over,Because what is allowed to be tolerated in one part of the country slowly spreads like a virulent disease to other parts of the country. God Bless America and may we soon all wake up and see what is happening!!!!!

  21. Gramoo says:

    I wonder…..if this were in a third world country, how many of our people would be encouraged to go feed the hungry? But it’s illegal to feed our own hungry? Looks like Satan at work!

  22. Debi says:

    I would have told them that THEY have to tell the people waiting that they couldn’t have the food and why. Looks like you had a lot of church members there. All of you should have each picked up a sandwich and gave them – at the same time – to the people who were lined up. Then they would have had to arrest ALL of you at the same time. Before you fed the people, I would have also called the newspaper and told them to get down there stat because there were going to be mass arrests of church goers who would be arrested for feeding the hungry. News like that goes very far, very fast. Secondly, I assume that because I see African Americans either standing there to give out the food or to receive the food, you should contact the NAACP or Al Sharpton to assist in giving out food next time.

  23. mike clark says:

    This is about the state having all the power over people to get them dependent on the Gov so those in power can move us ever more closely to Socialism

  24. Dan Leggett says:

    While I thank it great to help people. I bet when you started it was only a couple of people six years ago. Now once the word got out that there’s FREE FOOD its only time before their is a Thousand PEOPLE waiting in line. It doesn’t make them want to go buy something to eat. Two things would become of this. 1. Help out the local business owners. 2. Get people motvatied to get a Job to buyttheir on FOOD.

    Thanks Dan Leggett

  25. James D. Wright says:

    Contact Christian Law Association, They go to bat for harassed people or groups.

  26. Julie Albert says:

    Working on the assumption that Raleigh has a city attorney you should contact that person and have her/him explain what city ordinances you are violating. If the police threaten to arrest you for violating a city ordinance then the city attorney should be able to tell you which one. Then at least you may understand what your next steps would need to be.

  27. Christine says:

    This place is familiar like a second home to me. I used to work in the homeless shelter right beside Moore square; seeing others loving in the name if Jesus lifts me up. Thank you for being the light in downtown! But please be careful assuming why the jobless are jobless. Having worked there for quite a while it was clear that a large problem was not lack of jobs or skill sets, but a problem of the heart: many of them were caught in the cycle of homelessness that took away most of their dignity and then welfare took what little was left. Homelessness exists at all times regardless of a recession or time of plenty. Build these people up while you feed and love them, inquire what their skill sets are, beg them to see their value and their uniqueness that the Creator has given them. You have the unique opportunity because they will listen to those who are loving them, and that is what you are doing each weekend. Persevere! (A few well researched books to back up my words: “when helping hurts”/ “shut up and give”.). Btw, isn’t it strange that our govt. doles out excessive welfare, but doesn’t want the church to be doing it? Take back the job that should still be the churches’!

  28. Jim Wilson says:

    Weird how religious people vote for Republican politicians, but yet Republican politicians are who champion laws like this….you know….stop giving handouts to those lazy homeless people on welfare so they’ll go get jobs.

    You folks are in quite a pickle aren’t you?

    Feel bad for you because I know you’re trying to do a good deed here, but in some ways you only have yourselves to blame.

  29. Bo Gardner says:

    I guess it would be fine if you were to put the food in bags, place them in dumpsters?

  30. Idali Kwak says:

    Do it again and get a video with audio to post. It is so unbelievable that this happened, you’ll need verification.

  31. Cassandra Lee says:

    I can not believe how any one could stop others from helping any person that needs help in any way.. This town is going down like all the other towns any more,,they do not care for their own people and they do not want to be bithered with people that are down on their luck, May God help them, when them or their children need help and no one iws around to help them,,These are the first ones that will be complaining, I will pray for these city official and also for your group that is trying to do Gods work,,, Don;t let them stop you, I would bet they wouldn;t be able to make a charge stick I have never heard of any law any where that demands a person to refuse to help another person that is hungry,,, it is literally crazy and sounds like a power control tech, I am sorry but I would have feed them,, I could not turn away hugry perople,,,,,,,, never stop helping do Gods work

  32. Julz says:

    The fiscal polices of Christian Conservatives helped create ostrour current national financial challenges, resulting in greater numbers of homeless and hungry. Yet, and in total contradiction of the teaching of their Saviour, they wish to ostracize these poor and deny them even the most basic of human needs — food and shelter.

    And as Yeshua said “What you did for the least of these, you did for me” ; so mas they turn their backs of the poor, they turn their backs on Him.

    I volunteer with our local homeless shelter, and one of the most suprising things I’ve learned is that some homeless have jobs, but don’t make enough money to afford a place to live. They come to our shelter late at night, after working 2nd or 3rd shifts, often getting by on little sleep, as they must leave the shelter by 7:00 a.m. And many of the folks at the food bank also work, and make too much to qualify for food stamps, but not enough to pay the rent and also feed their families. They are playing by the rules, but the deck is stacked against them.

    And to those who insist on maligning them as deadbeat sinners, remember w that each of us is one layoff, one accident, or one serious medical diagnosis away from financial desperation…and the shelter and soup kitchens ourselves..

    And I’m sure you remember the golden rule…

  33. Anna says:

    This problem has occurred once before. We got around in another city by giving the homeless a note that stated that there would be a biscuit wrapped tightly and placed in another brightly colored bag in (or duct taped) or below the trash can or in various spots along where they are. They can pick up these bags between a certain time. Then we gave them a voucher for free coffee from a fender close by. That way it was cheaper and much safer.

  34. Deb Glaze says:

    There are people who have mental illness and can not hold down a job. There are drug addicts who also have an illness. Do they deserve to starve just because people do not understand them? How sad are these days that there is no love nor empathy for another human being simply because you do not understand their plight. Humble yourselves and open up your hearts… see these hungry people as children; because we are all children of God.

  35. Pingback: Raleigh police threaten arrest for charity feeding homeless | Rowan TEA Party Patriots

  36. Rickie A Smith says:

    How dare these police tell people who you can or cant feed. Do you realize how many people in the US are but a few paychecks from being homeless. I Love America but I hate was is becoming of it.

  37. Daniel Duane Spyker says:

    This seems to be the trend in so many cities. Those who are mindful of caring for the “least of these” are suddenly declared lawbreakers of one kind or another. My home church, an anchor of that part of the city for nearly 150 years, has in the last 14 years become a neighbor to not just one but 2 major sports facilities. And soon a third will be erected only a few blocks further north. We continue to serve the “homeless” on site regardless of the grumblings of the powerful and if it ever comes to it, are very experienced in civil disobedience!

  38. Jeff Bragg says:

    It should be noted that people filled with hate cannot be changed by love. Love shown to them will only result in making them more enraged and they will find people to hurt. If you want to stop this, vote them out of office. Then work to make them poor. Only then will they be able to experience and understand the pain they’ve inflicted on others. You don’t have to treat them as they have treated the poor. Poverty will do that.

  39. Mike says:

    The issues today will in no way throw a stick in the spokes if Gods plan. Tomorrows news will not be filled with stories of people who died because of not getting your sandwich. If funded by numerous churches then why name your “ministry?” Maybe the problem runs deeper than admission will allow?

  40. Robert says:

    Being the rebel that I am, I would have had to tell the people in line to wait a few minutes, call the local TV station WRAL and the Observer. Give someone my phone, show them how to make a video, wait for the news media, then start feeding the people. If any cop cannot tell you what law you are violating, has no right to arrest you. Sorry, they would have had to arrest me.

  41. Christine Millman says:

    I was wondering if maybe one of the churches could rise to the occasion and allow the 70 sandwiches to be fed from their parish doors or the parking lot? could that be a possibility while the other matters are being resolved? The situation seems really quite unreasonable, nonsense, void of any purpose to not feed the people.

    And wouldn’t past practice bring this “unwanted gesture of good faith” to its knees? I mean afterall, there’s been no complaining before – so why now?

    Sounds like such a waste of time. Maybe I will bring my camera to Raleigh next week.. sounds like there’s a revolution going on being led with hard hearted people who forget their peers brag about living in the “Bible Belt”…. it means something to most…

    I’ll be praying for peaceful and sensible resolution… think outside the box while the stand is being taken… these people still need to eat.

    God bless you all :)

  42. Kerrie Waddy says:

    Funny how the cop stand there while holding his cup of hot coffee, what a disgrace!!!

  43. Mary Gratch says:

    Almost 10 years ago I arrived at Moore Square with my sister and my children. This is a long tale but I’ll try to make it not so long. It was my 50th birthday. I was in the middle of a divorce and my now ex-husband was moving out that day. My sister was doing her very best to make it my day. We went to the IMAX and then went to Moore Square for cake – I was to act surprised. The scene was grim. It was January and rainy and the park had just been mulched with something that smelled much more like manure than like mulch. My sister told me to turn away as she tried to light the candles on my cake. A lovely gathering of people came out – they assumed we were bringing food for the homeless as is the practice in Moore Square. They lifted their jackets to ward off the wind and helped us light the candles. They all sang my 50th birthday song and we all shared in a really delicious cake. I am so very grateful for this memory – set me on a new and happy path. This is a lovely place and is a tribute to the way that those with much and those who are still striving can live together.

  44. Pingback: Feed the Homeless to Turn Night into Day | ChuckWarnock.com

  45. Melissa Hathaway says:

    This is the craziest thing I have ever heard Hugh! What harm is it? I support you in all you are doing and will email and/or call those who need to know! Thanks for all you do and please don’t let this stop you.

  46. Patricia jackson says:

    That is so sad my friend an I was going to be feeding the homeless Christmas Day an I just seen ur post an I had to call her an let her no what was going on I just can’t believe it we trying to do GODS work an they want to stop it we are with u an I will be getting in touch with the City Council May GOD keep Blessing you all to keep doing his work

  47. Chip Cutts says:

    We have control. We have a vote. To those who will not allow feeding on the ones in need I say vote them out of office, or better yet, as a public servant they work for us, write them up and serve them notice. After 3 write ups they are automatically fired/impeached. We have the power, not them. We control whether they work or not. If they don’t serve the public as we see fit they can be dismissed and unemployed (maybe needing a biscuit and coffee on Saturday and Sunday.

  48. mike says:

    most officers in situations like this are acting on a direct orders.. they said for 6 years the cops had no problem with them there then suddenly there is an issue…. that tells me someone high up either in the police department or the city has decreed the feed of the poor is unwanted… the officers are the ones who have to face the people despite what they believe personally and they are the ones everyone sees and attacks for doing as ordered.. the ones that are pushing this don’t have to be in the spot light and don’t have to be attacked for it… remember. for 6 years these officers had no problem with this… this is a clear directive from somewhere. these guys are just sent to do the dirty work…!

  49. SR says:

    Welcome to the objectivist paradise of McCrorystan. Any kindness shown to the needy will be met with extreme prejudice.

  50. HurleyD says:

    Let me suggest another location that is convenient to the users of the South Wilmington homeless shelter, off-street and has a kitchen: the Hallelujah Soup Kitchen. 1904 S Wilmington St, Raleigh, NC 27603 (919) 995-2815. They do not operate on weekends. It is operated by God’s Helpers of Raleigh. http://www.gods-helpers.org/

    Or maybe you would like to make an arrangement with for the Church of the Good Shepherd on Hillsborogh Street. Likewise they do not operate on weekends. http://www.shepherds-table.org/

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>